Think the Israel thing was started in about 1100 BC. Then the Assyrians took over in 722 BC. Then the Babylonians in 586 BC. Then the Persians. Then a lot if little Greek cult types. Then the Romans in 63 BC. Then the Greco-Romans and the Samaritans ( who were not particularly good, ergo the oxymoron of the “good” Samaritan). Then the Christians, the Samaritans again, the Persians, a short lived Jewish empire again, then the Byzantine Empire. Then the Arabs, who warred among different sects for control, which changed hands back and forth for a couple hundred years. Then the Turks took over and held it until the British conquered them in 1920 and partitioned everything up.
It’s been downhill from there.
I would posit that other empires and tribes rose and fell in the area before the Jewish one in 1100. Just don’t have records going back further. I expect that the natural “us versus them” mentality that lives in humans arose every time a group got to big and created an impetus to fight and split. This probably conferred a survival advantage in the 100,000 years before agriculture.
GOD, Drik, gave that much traversed land to the Hebrews whom he raised up from the depths of their own depraved and lowlife status. He did so to prove a point, that HE could choose to raise even the very least from the depths of failure to the highest in HIS esteem. Providing them with nothing more than worthless desert for a homeland but allowing them — under his devine word — to thrive wildly over all others. And the land given them was called Israel. GOD chose the land, GOD chose the people that would own it, and GOD set the terms for their future. That’s good enough for me..